​A Beginners Guide To How Rock Climbing Works

Did you know that you can burn between 500 and 900 calories per hour while climbing? It doesn’t end there – in fact, climbers tend to have better coordination, impressive endurance, and insane flexibility. It’s a sport that challenges your mind, body, soul, and of course your fingertips. We thought it would be a good idea to create a basic guide to rock climbing for beginners to help those interested in the sport get started.

1. Rock Climbing Basics You Should Know

Like everything in life, preparation is the key to success. Climbing is no different. Before you decide to climb Mount Everest, there are a few key steps to make your adventure the best it can be.

  • A. TAKE A ROCK CLIMBING CLASS – INDOORS

Before you make your way over any type of slab of rock, it may be worth hiring a certified instructor to learn the basics. Many climbers hang out with friends or use a Groupon to try indoor climbing. At first, having a resource for questions is helpful. If hiring an instructor as a resource isn’t in your budget, don’t worry – go to an indoor climbing gym. Usually, you can ask other climbers for advice and tips. In general, climbers are more than happy to help.

  • B. HOW TO CHOOSE THE TYPE OF CLIMBING YOU WANT TO DO

Not all types of climbing experiences are the same. A good example, climbing indoors for an hour versus climbing for eight hours outdoors requires 100% different preparation, mindset, and equipment. The main types of climbing that you will come across at the start are bouldering, indoor climbing, and outdoor climbing.


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2. Climbing for beginners – Choose your route

  • A. WHAT DO YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PURCHASING?

The most attractive part of the block is that it requires the least amount of time and equipment. The added safety bonus – most rocks only climb if you can jump without hurting yourself. Of course, there are exceptions and advanced routes that get pretty high. However, in most cases, climbers know that the rocks are not that high. As for the introduction, this is a good start as climbers just need to have a small package of equipment consisting of climbing shoes, chalk and ideally a crash pad (if you fall or jump off the rock) If you take this route, you’ll find plenty of opportunities to improve one’s strength, while still being able to move horizontally along the boulder and parallel to the ground.

  • B. WHAT DO YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT INDOOR ROCK CLIMBING?

It is probably the most accessible to beginners. Usually, you can find a place for indoor climbing in colleges, recreation centers, even gymnasiums that do not have free-standing walls, can be used for bouldering and outdoor climbing. Indoor climbing usually uses an artificial hand and feet placed around the walls creating different routes for climbers. Normally the routes are color-coded to indicate the level of difficulty. If you are a beginner, indoor rock climbing is a great place to start, as opposed to outdoor rock climbing, as it may require more equipment, and weather conditions can be a challenge.

  • C. WHAT SHOULD YOU KNOW ABOUT OUTDOOR TOP-ROPE CLIMBING?

There are two things to know about outdoor rock climbing. First of all, you will need some equipment and knowledge to properly set up your rope anchor points. Proper setup can save your life and/or prevent injury. Second, you will need an insurer. Basically, the insurer is the person who takes over as you move forward on your climb. This person will be the one who catches up with you if you fall. Before you can climb as a team or even do advanced climbs, you will need to know how to belay.

3. Required Rock Climbing Gear Package

No equipment is more important to a climber than the rope. It is literally your lifeline. As you progress as a climber you will have different preferences on what type of rope you prefer. At first, you should know two-chord differences. I. Dynamic Rope Dynamic rope has elasticity. It is designed to absorb the energy of falls. II. A static rope is used for rescues and abseiling. It is stiff and the opposite of the dynamic chord.

BASIC ROCK CLIMBING GEAR KIT
When climbing you’ll need the following items:

  • Belay Device
  • Carabiners
  • Chalk
  • Climbing Helmet
  • Climbing Harness
  • Rock Climbing Shoes

4. What Is Belaying In Rock Climbing?

When you think of rock climbing, you undoubtedly imagine the climber going up a mountain and a person at ground level. This person holds the rope connected to the climber and is called the belayer. When someone talks about belaying, he is referring to the technique used to put tension on the climbing rope in order to protect climbers in the event of a fall, as well as to create slack for them to move forward. This role is usually given to the most experienced climber. Another way to think about the insurer is to think of it as an anchor point during these climbs.


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5. Grading Your Climb

The last thing we wanted to share is the top five types of escalation levels you need to know.

The V Scale aka The Hueco Scale: It is the most used system in North America
System B: It is used in North America and has only three grades: B1, B2, and B3 – B3 is the hardest.
The Fontainebleau system: It is the most widely used system in Europe.
The Dankyu system: it is used in Japan. The simplest Kyu rating is 7, the most difficult is 1.
UK Technical Rating System: This is only used in the UK for professional climbers.

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